Cybersecurity 101 – Basic Terminology You Need to Know

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This article will cover some of the most critical cybersecurity terms you’ll need to understand. This article will help you know what malware, XSS, and Crypto-malware are and how they can be dangerous to your computer and personal information. We’ll discuss some of the best practices for cybersecurity. Understanding cybersecurity is essential to protect your organization from threats. The key to success is ongoing education and awareness of the latest threats. Listed below are some essential cyber security terminology


Malware, sometimes known as “malicious software,” is a catch-all word for any malicious program or code that is damaging to systems.

Malware is hostile, invasive, and malicious software that aims to infiltrate, damage, or destroy computers, computer systems, networks, tablets, and mobile devices, frequently by gaining partial control over the device’s functions.

XSS attacks

Cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks are a type of cyberattack that can cause a website to become infected with a malicious payload. This malicious payload may be a hyperlink, phishing email, or another element that the attacker can manipulate to execute a script on the target website. In most cases, an XSS attack is the result of a flaw in the data validation mechanism in a web application.


Crypto-Malware is malware that enables threat actors to carry out cryptojacking activity. It uses the victim’s processing power and device to mine for cryptocurrency. These attacks can drain a victim’s resources and render them unusable. 

Drive-by attacks

Driving by attacks is an increasingly common form of cybercrime. Cybercriminals often front these attacks by phishing websites with robocalls, urging their victims to enter their credentials or valuable data. Unfortunately, when victims entered their credentials, they were likely logged into their accounts. Cybercriminals also use ads as a vector for infiltration. The best way to avoid these attacks is to protect your personal information and never enter your account credentials on websites that ask for sensitive information.


Application programming interfaces (APIs) are defined as the interfaces between pieces of software. APIs are a vital source of data for security operations. They allow two pieces of software to communicate with each other without needing a third party to interpret their code. However, if misused, APIs can be vulnerable to attacks and data breaches. 

Security misconfigurations

Security misconfigurations can occur at any level of an application’s infrastructure, from custom code to databases, application servers, and user workstations. To avoid security misconfigurations, developers must stay on top of newly released patches and continuously monitor and test applications for vulnerabilities. In addition, they must learn to recognize and triage the most critical threats.

Identity and access management

An identity and access management (IAM) solution is a set of processes, policies, and tools for defining access privileges and roles across a network. These entities include users, partners, and devices, consisting of computers, smartphones, routers, servers, and sensors. The core objective of an IAM system is to create and maintain one digital identity per item. In addition, identity and access management systems can provide continuous proof of compliance with strict security policies.

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