“C Language , Dennis Ritchie’s valuable gift to the tech world and also a powerful language still. it is the base for the most of the nowadays popular operating systems. Even some of you may not know about Ritchie but every one will come across the word ” C language “. Most of the programming beginners will make their first step on “C”, this is the epic phrase. Well we move to the next thing the open source and popular Operating operating system “Ubuntu”. It also have some link with C language. Some may familiar with windows operating system will make the C programming with the help of the installed C package. If this stops you to switch from windows to Ubuntu or any Linux Distribution. Here is the solution.
Yes, mates you can easily compose, compile and run the C program much easier in Ubuntu Operating System.
As Ubuntu is open source it available for free of cost , similarly lots of tools , compilers, IDE , Debuggers for Ubuntu is also available as open source and free. GCC- the best and greater C compiler available for Ubuntu. Linux use this compiler for its kernel building. Here we cover following compilers,
Compose a C program in Ubuntu
Its very simple to compose a C program in Ubuntu. Open a normal text editor and write your C program. Finally save that written program with the apt file name with the extension “.c” ( It indicates that the written code is in C Language). Thus the composing finished.
Compile and Execute the C program in Ubuntu
Just now we finished the process of writing C program as you all know next is the compilation and execution of the C program in Ubuntu.
Note :Compiler will not automatically detect the location of the given “C file” So navigate to the Local Folder in the Terminal using cd command.
Ubuntu Command to Compile the C program
gcc -Wall [filename.c] -o [output-filename]
-Wall -> Display all the warnings in the compiled C program
-o -> indicates the output name of the Executable file compiled
Ubuntu Command to Run the C Program
Finally you got the out put of the written C program successfully.
Popular GCC Compiler Command Line Options
gcc [options] [source files] [object files] [-o output file]
Here is the list of most frequently used command line option for the GCC Compiler you may try
gcc -c compile source files to object files without linking
gcc -Dname[=value] define a preprocessor macro
gcc -fPIC generate position independent code for shared libraries
gcc -glevel generate debug information to be used by GDB
gcc -Idir add include directory of header files
gcc -llib link with library file
gcc -Ldir look in directory for library files
gcc -o output file write build output to output file
gcc -Olevel optimize for code size and execution time
gcc -shared generate shared object file for shared library
gcc -Uname undefine a preprocessor macro
gcc -w disable all warning messages
gcc -Wall enable all warning messages
gcc -Wextra enable extra warning messages
Compose compile and Execute C++ Program in Ubuntu
Composing is as similar to that of the C programming just type your c++ program and save it with the extension “.cpp”
Compiling C++ program in Ubuntu
Before get into the compilation process you need the C++ compiler. Make sure that you have already installed “g++” compiler which is used to compile the C++ program. if not then install the “G++” Compiler using the below mentioned command in the terminal.
sudo apt-get install g++
To Compile : g++ -Wall [filename.cpp] -o [output-filename]
To Execute : ./[output-filename]
Install the required compiler and start your first C/C++ programming in Ubuntu. Hope you enjoyed reading, share it with your friends over the social networks. If you have any doubts kindly drop it in comments section.